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Remoting - Interview Questions


What is .NET Remoting?
.NET Remoting allows objects to interact with one another across application domains.


What are the 2 message encoding formats supported by .NET Remoting and when do you choose one over the other?
Message Encoding Formats:
1. Binary encoding.
2. XML encoding.


Applications can use binary encoding where performance is critical, or XML encoding where interoperability with other remoting frameworks is essential.


What are the two types of .NET remote objects?
1. Client-activated objects - Client-activated objects are under the control of a lease-based lifetime manager that ensures that the object is garbage collected when its lease expires.
2. Server-activated objects - In the case of server-activated objects, developers have a choice of selecting either a "single call" or "singleton" model. The lifetime of singletons are also controlled by lease-based lifetime.


What is considered as Remote Object?
Any object outside the application domain of the calling appication is considered remote object, even if the objects are executing on the same machine.

Can you treat every object as a remote object?
Objects that cannot be serialized cannot be passed to a different application domain and are therefore nonremotable.


What are the ways in which an object can be serialized?
1. Mark your class with serializable attribute.
2. Make your class implement ISerializable interface.


How can you change an object into a remote object?
Any object can be changed into a remote object by deriving it from MarshalByRefObject.


What happens when a client activates a remote object?
When a client activates a remote object, it receives a proxy to the remote object. All operations on this proxy are appropriately indirected to enable the remoting infrastructure to intercept and forward the calls appropriately.


What are proxy objects and what is the use of these proxy objects?
Proxy objects are created when a client activates a remote object. The proxy object acts as a representative of the remote object and ensures that all calls made on the proxy are forwarded to the correct remote object instance.

5 comments:

  1. Hi,

    This is really a good categorized collection for the guys preparing for interviews.
    Kindly add the questions for Webservice also.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Really nice explanation

    ReplyDelete
  3. Awesome Collections.. it made my concepts more clear. Can u pls add some questions on Web Services too.

    ReplyDelete
  4. why I need serialization and how can i do.?

    ReplyDelete
  5. Application domains provide an isolation boundary for security, reliability, and versioning, and for unloading assemblies. Application domains are typically created by runtime hosts, which are responsible for bootstrapping the common language runtime before an application is run. Application domains provide a more secure and versatile unit of processing that the common language runtime can use to provide isolation between applications. You can run several application domains in a single process with the same level of isolation that would exist in separate processes, but without incurring the additional overhead of making cross-process calls or switching between processes. The ability to run multiple applications within a single process dramatically increases server scalability.
    Isolating applications is also important for application security. For example, you can run controls from several Web applications in a single browser process in such a way that the controls cannot access each other's data and resources.

    ReplyDelete

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